Super-hungry Mice Eat Onions and Other Painless Tricks for Memorizing Geography Facts

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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK BRIAN P. CLEARY Illustrated by J. P. SANDY j Millbrook Press • Minneapolis To my daughter Ellen —B.P.C. To oyce, Eric, and Michael —J.P.S. Text copyright © 2010 by Brian P. Cleary Illustrations copyright © 2010 by Lerner Publishing Group, Inc. All rights reserved. International copyright secured. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise—without the prior written permission of Lerner Publishing Group, Inc., except for the inclusion of brief quotations in an acknowledged review. Millbrook Press A division of Lerner Publishing Group, Inc. 241 First Avenue North Minneapolis, MN 55401 U.S.A. Website address: www.lernerbooks.com Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Cleary, Brian P., 1959–  “Super-hungry mice eat onions” and other painless tricks for memorizing geography facts / by Brian P. Cleary ; illustrated by J. P. Sandy. p. cm. — (Adventures in memory) Includes index. ISBN: 978–0–8225–7820-8 (lib. bdg. : alk. paper) 1. Geography—Miscellanea. 2. Mnemonics. I. Sandy, J. P., ill. II. Title. G131.C64 2010 910—dc22 2008049644 Manufactured in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 – DP – 15 14 13 12 11 10 eISBN: 978-0-7613-5693-6 introduction 4 How This Book Will Help You Memorize Geography Facts Think locally 6 Up, Down, and All Around 6 At 13 Colony Street 8 These Lakes Are Great! 10 Nifty, Nifty, They Made 50! 11 Going to Town 12 Five in One 14 Mixed-Up CountrY 20 A Million to One 24 Think Globally 26 Water, Water Everywhere Very Continental Oh, Canada! Mixed-Up World The Navigation Station 26 28 36 38 42 A Map of the United States A Map of the world Answer Key Glossary Read On! Index 44 45 46 46 47 48 4 INTRODUCTION HOw this book will help you Memorize Geography Facts Mnemonic (pronounced nih-MAH-nik) is a fancy word given to little tricks or devices that help us memorize important facts. Some of them rhyme, such as, “Columbus sailed the ocean blue in fourteen hundred ninety-two.” Other memory aids build a word made up of the first letters of a list we’re trying to memorize. is a trick for remembering the colors of the ROY G. BIV rainbow in order (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, and Violet). The made-up name ROY G. BIV contains the first letter of the name of each color. Still other memory tools are more visual, meaning that a picture will help us to remember a fact, such as this one: A Bactrian camel has a back shaped like Dromedary Bactrian B D the letter “B” turned on its side. A Dromedary camel has a back shaped like the letter “D” turned on its side. So we know a Bactrian camel has two humps and a Dromedary camel has one. In this book, you’ll find lots of fun ways to memorize geography facts. But what I’m really hoping is that you’ll develop your own tricks. Oftentimes the words, silly rhymes, or crazy sentences that you invent will be the most meaningful way for you to master geography! Here’s an example of what I thought of to memorize the five great lakes in order of size: SUPER-HUngry MICe Eat ONions. That stands for: SUPERior, HUron, MIChigan, Erie, and ONtario. But let’s say you have a friend named Emily who is always doing funny things. It might be more meaningful (and therefore memorable) for you to say: Seven Hamburgers Made Emily Overfed. Sometimes, it’s the absurd nature of what you’ve come up with that will help you to remember. They say that elephants never forget. Well, now that you know about mnemonics, neither will you! 6 THINK LOCALLY Up, Down, and All Around bottom, As we look at a map of North America, north is at the top, south is at the west is to the left, and east is to the right. So get out your maps and SING! Sing this song to the tune of “If You’re Happy and You Know It.” Just above the USA is Can-a-da. Just above the USA is Can-a-da. Just above it, not below it, on a map, it’s sure to show it. Just above the USA is Can-a-da. The Pacific is the ocean on the left. The Pacific is the ocean on the left. Way out west by California— if you’re tested, I should warn ya— the Pacific is the ocean on the left. Just below the USA is Mex-i-co. Just below the USA is Mex-i-co. Not above it but below it, every map is sure to show it. Just below the USA is Mex-i-co. The Atlantic is the ocean on the right The Atlantic is the ocean on the right. You can sing it, you can shout it, but there is no need to doubt it. The Atlantic is the ocean on the right. Read On! How much do you know about our neighbors to the north and south? Read Canada by Janice Hamilton and Mexico by Tom Streissguth to learn more. 8 THINK LOCALLY AT 13 COLONY STREET e line in the poem) ar : ELaWare / IA, MARYland / D IN G IR V / re hi ps HAM a/ CONnecticut, NEW ina / Pennsylvani ol ar C th ou S / ts ASsachuset NEW JERSEY / M CArolina. ew York / North N / nd la Is de ho GEORGIA, R n colonies (by The original thirtee CONrad got a NEW HAMster, he named VIRGINIA MARY. He asked his cousin DELla Where she found one, fat and hairy. They dressed it in a NEW JERSEY and brought it to her MA’S. The Shirt Completely covered it except for head and Paws.
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