Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies Level 8 : High-Interest Building Vocabulary Skills & Strategies

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HIGH-INTEREST FOR LEVELS 3 THROUGH 8 Each of the six books in this power-packed new series features: 100+ reproducible exercise pages 900–1,500 vocabulary words Dual emphasis on unlocking meaning by analyzing word structure and by using context clues Clear instructions, friendly lesson format, and charming illustrations throughout SAMPLE LESSON TOPICS • synonyms / antonyms • alphabetical order • common / proper nouns • parts of speech • connotation / denotation • homophones / homographs • abbreviations / acronyms • dictionary entries • word origins • variant letter sounds • shades of meaning • idiomatic expressions • clichés • formal / informal language • prefixes / suffixes • multiple-meaning words • present / past tense • syllabication • similes / metaphors • contractions / possessives • Greek / Latin roots • thesaurus entries • spelling demons • words often confused • pronunciation • euphemisms • selecting vivid words • content area terms BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES – Level 5 S K I L L S & S T R AT E G I E S S K I L L S & S T R AT E G I E S Antonyms / s m S y n o ny rts of Spee Pr a e P ch ec c i is e o Word C h s / Acro nym n o i t s a i v A b b re Skills ry a n o i t s c d i r D o W Mu g in ltiple-MeanM LEVEL SADDLEBACK EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHING Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 Website: www.sdlback.com Saddlebook eBook 5 100 REPRODUCIBLE ACTIVITIES BUILDING V OCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES LEVEL 5 by JOANNE SUTER BUILDING V OCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES 3 LEVEL 4 LEVEL 5 LEVEL 6 LEVEL 7 LEVEL 8 LEVEL ➬ Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc. Cover Design: Image Quest, Inc. Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 Website: www.sdlback.com Copyright © 2004 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher, with the exception below. Pages labeled with the statement Saddleback Educational Publishing © 2004 are intended for reproduction. Saddleback Publishing, Inc. grants to individual purchasers of this book the right to make sufficient copies of reproducible pages for use by all students of a single teacher. This permission is limited to a single teacher, and does not apply to entire schools or school systems. ISBN-10: 1-56254-723-2 ISBN-13: 978-1-56254-723-3 eBook: 978-1-60291-124-6 Printed in the United States of America 11 10 09 08 07 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 CONTENTS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Using Definitions 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Using Definitions 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Using Definitions 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Using Definitions 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Synonyms 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Synonyms 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Synonyms 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Synonyms 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Antonyms 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Antonyms 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Antonyms 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Practice Page: Synonyms and Antonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 There’s English, and Then There’s English… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Homonyms 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Homonyms 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Homonyms 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Homonyms 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Practice Page: Homonyms . . . . . . . . . . .23 Weird and Wonderful Words . . . . . . . . . .24 Words in Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Context Clues: Definitions . . . . . . . . . . .26 Context Clues: Examples . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Context Clues: Comparisons and Contrasts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Context Clues: Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . .29 Words in Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Words in Context: Putting Words to Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Multiple-Meaning Words 1 . . . . . . . . . . .33 Multiple-Meaning Words 2 . . . . . . . . . . .34 Multiple-Meaning Words 3 . . . . . . . . . . .35 Multiple-Meaning Words 4 . . . . . . . . . . .36 Multiple-Meaning Words 5 . . . . . . . . . . .37 Practice Page: Multiple-Meaning Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Base Words 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Base Words 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Prefixes 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prefixes 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prefixes 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Practice Page: Prefixes . . . . . . . . . . . Suffixes 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suffixes 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suffixes 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suffixes 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suffixes 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suffixes and Prefixes . . . . . . . . . . . . Practice Page: Suffixes and Prefixes . Recognizing Word Parts . . . . . . . . . . Word Workout: More Weird and Wonderful Words 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Word Workout: More Weird and Wonderful Words 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Compound Words 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compound Words 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compound Words 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Practice Page: Compound Words . . . Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of Speech 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of Speech 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of Speech 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of Speech 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of Speech 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of Speech: Adverbs . . . . . . . . . Practice Page: Parts of Speech . . . . . Word Workout: More Weird and Wonderful Words . . . . . . . . . . Commonly Confused Words 1 . . . . . Commonly Confused Words 2 . . . . . Practice Page: Commonly Confused Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Dictionary: Finding Your Word 1 The Dictionary: Finding Your Word 2 The Dictionary Entry Word: Syllables 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Dictionary Entry Word: Syllables 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Dictionary Entry Word: Spelling Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 .43 .44 .45 .46 .47 .48 .49 .50 .51 .52 .53 . . .54 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 .56 .57 .58 .59 .60 .61 .62 .63 .64 .65 .66 .67 . . .68 . . .69 . . .70 . . .71 . . .72 . . .73 . . .74 . . .75 . . .76 The Dictionary Entry: Pronouncing the Word 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 The Dictionary Entry: Pronouncing the Word 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 The Dictionary Entry: Pronouncing the Word 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Dictionary Entry: Word Definitions/ Parts of Speech 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Dictionary Entry: Word Definitions/ Parts of Speech 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Dictionary Entries: Multiple-Meaning Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 Using a Dictionary 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Using a Dictionary 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 Practice Page: Using a Dictionary . . . . . .85 Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 The Thesaurus 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87 The Thesaurus 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88 Foreign Words and Phrases 1 . . . . . . . . .89 Foreign Words and Phrases 2 . . . . . . . . .90 Word Origins: Greek Roots 1 . . . . . . . . .91 Word Origins: Greek Roots 2 . . . . . . . . .92 Word Origins: Latin Roots 1 . . . . . . . . . .93 Word Origins: Latin Roots 2 . . . . . . . . . .94 Word Origins: Latin Roots 3 . . . . . . . . . .95 Word Origins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96 Analogies 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 Analogies 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98 Analogies 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99 Word Workout: More Weird and Wonderful Words 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100 Word Workout: More Weird and Wonderful Words 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Informal Language: Slang . . . . . . . . . . .102 Informal Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Standard and Nonstandard Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104 Figures of Speech: Idioms 1 . . . . . . . . .105 Figures of Speech: Idioms 2 . . . . . . . . .106 Figures of Speech: Idioms 3 . . . . . . . . .107 Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108 Figures of Speech: Hyperbole 1 . . . . . .109 Figures of Speech: Hyperbole 2 . . . . . .110 Figures of Speech: Similes and Metaphors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111 Figures of Speech: Similes . . . . . . . . . .112 Levels of Meaning: Words and Emotions 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113 Levels of Meaning: Words and Emotions 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114 Levels of Meaning: Words and Emotions 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115 Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116 Choosing Your Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 Abbreviations: Reading Labels . . . . . . .118 Word Workout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119 Words at Work: History 1 . . . . . . . . . . .120 Words at Work: History 2 . . . . . . . . . . .121 Using a Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122 Words at Work: American Government 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123 Words at Work: American Government 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124 Using a Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125 Words at Work: The Critic 1 . . . . . . . . .126 Words at Work: The Critic 2 . . . . . . . . .127 Words at Work: The Shopper . . . . . . . .128 Word Workout: Some Ups and Downs of Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . .129 Words at Work: Health and Grooming 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130 Words at Work: Health and Grooming 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131 Words at Work: At the Computer . . . . .132 Tricky Spellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133 Practice Page: Tricky Spellings . . . . . . .134 Power Workout: Review What You’ve Learned 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135 Power Workout: Review What You’ve Learned 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136 Scope and Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137 Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139 INTRODUCTION Welcome to BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS & STRATEGIES! We at Saddleback Publishing, Inc. are proud to introduce this important supplement to your basal language arts curriculum. Our goal in creating this series was twofold: to help on-level and below-level students build their “word power” in short incremental lessons, and to provide you, the teacher, with maximum flexibility in deciding when and how to assign these exercises. All lessons are reproducible. That makes them ideal for homework, extra credit assignments, cooperative learning groups, or focused drill practice for selected ESL or remedial students. A quick review of the book’s Table of Contents will enable you to individualize instruction according to the varied needs of your students. Correlated to the latest research and current language arts standards in most states, the instructional design of Building Vocabulary Skills & Strategies is unusually comprehensive for a supplementary program. All important concepts—ranging from primary-level phonics to the nuances of connotation— are thoroughly presented from the ground up. Traditional word attack strategies and “getting meaning from context clues” are dually emphasized. As all educators know, assessment and evaluation of student understanding and skill attainment is an ongoing process. Here again, reproducible lessons are ideal in that they can be used for both pre- and post-testing. We further suggest that you utilize the blank back of every copied worksheet for extra reinforcement of that lesson’s vocabulary; spelling tests or short writing assignments are two obvious options. You can use the Scope and Sequence chart at the back of each book for recording your ongoing evaluations. Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 • Saddleback Publishing, Inc., 3 Watson, Irvine, CA 92618 • Phone (888) SDL-BACK • www.sdlback.com 5 USING DEFINITIONS 1 The definition of a word tells its meaning. Study the definitions below and use them as you complete this worksheet. adapt carnival freight transparent • To adapt is to make usable or to change to fit new conditions. • A carnival is traveling entertainment that usually includes sideshows, games, amusement rides, and refreshments. • Carnival can also mean a time of feasting and merrymaking with parades, dances, and masquerades. • Freight is a load of goods shipped by train, truck, ship, airplane, etc. • Something transparent can be easily seen through or easily recognized. Use the definitions to decide which word best completes each sentence. Write the word on the line. 1. Mardi Gras is a famous 4. As suburbs grow, cougars have had ____________________ in New Orleans to ____________________ to humans that people celebrate with parades, moving into their environment. costumes, music, and dancing. 5. The clear window was more 2. A ____________________ train carries goods from the manufacturer to the ____________________ than the stained-glass window. marketplace. 6. Although Martha said she broke 3. The fence post is too short, so the the date because she had to study, rancher will ____________________ her real reasons were quite it by welding on more metal. ____________________. 6 Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 • Saddleback Educational Publishing ©2004 • 3 Watson, Irvine, CA 92618 • Phone (888) SDL-BACK • www.sdlback.com USING DEFINITIONS 2 Review the definitions from the last worksheet. Then choose words from the box that best complete the paragraph. Write the word or form of the word on the lines. (You may use a word more than once.) adapt carnival freight transparent People saved their money. They ____________________ their regular schedules to make time for fun. With lots of games and thrill rides, the ____________________ had arrived in town! For the past two days, workers had been unloading ____________________ from brightly colored trucks. What an exciting life it must be to go from town to town with a ____________________! It could be hard, however, to ____________________ to the life of a traveler with no permanent roots. Now the gates were ready to open. A Ferris wheel turned high above the town’s tallest building. ____________________ plastic sheeting let light shine in but covered refreshment booths in case of rain. The fun was about to begin! Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 • Saddleback Educational Publishing ©2004 • 3 Watson, Irvine, CA 92618 • Phone (888) SDL-BACK • www.sdlback.com 7 USING DEFINITIONS 3 You can often figure out a word’s definition by studying the other words in the sentence. conceited frustrate lavish opponent • To be conceited is to have too high of an opinion of yourself. • To frustrate someone is to keep that person from doing or getting something desirable. • Lavish means very generous in giving or spending; much more than enough. • To lavish is to spend or give generously. • Opponents are individuals or teams, etc., that work against one another in a fight, contest, election, etc.; they are foes. Write T or F to tell whether each sentence below is true or false. 1. _____ Most celebrities enjoy quite a lavish lifestyle. 2. _____ Even poor parents can lavish their children with love. 3. _____ A cat might frustrate a dog by peering down at him from the top of a bookcase. 4. _____ You can’t be self-confident without being conceited. 5. _____ Opponents always share their game plans before taking the field. 6. _____ People might think a very shy person is aloof or conceited. 7. _____ Lavish banquet meals are always served with catsup and mustard. 8. _____ Opponents in a debate may be teammates in a sport. 9. _____ You can frustrate your own goals if you are too lazy to work hard. 8 Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 • Saddleback Educational Publishing ©2004 • 3 Watson, Irvine, CA 92618 • Phone (888) SDL-BACK • www.sdlback.com USING DEFINITIONS 4 Review the definitions from the last worksheet. Then write sentences as instructed in each item below. 1. Write a sentence about a stuck-up person. Give an example of something he or she did. Use the word conceited. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. Write a sentence about a time when things didn’t turn out the way you’d hoped. Use a form of the word frustrate. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. Write a sentence telling about a very generous person. Use lavish as an adjective. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. Now write a different sentence about the same very generous person. This time use lavish as a verb. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. In a sentence, describe a sporting event. Use the word opponent. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Building Vocabulary Skills and Strategies, Level 5 • Saddleback Educational Publishing ©2004 • 3 Watson, Irvine, CA 92618 • Phone (888) SDL-BACK • www.sdlback.com 9
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